Epilepsy is a common condition that affects the brain and causes frequent seizures. Seizures are bursts of electrical activity in the brain that temporarily affect how it works. They can cause a wide range of symptoms. This course will look at what a seizure is, different types of seizures among many other things and could be useful for anyone who wants to know more about seizures.
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This course will look at what a seizure is, different types of seizures among many other things and could be useful for anyone who wants to know more about seizures.
Learning online or e-learning courses has a number of obvious advantages which benefit the student. Other than being able to learn any time and in any place 24/7 add flexibility to the process. Choosing the time suits you to advance your learning.
The coursework is available to the learner to go over and to revise countless of times before finally taking the exam. Also, should the first results are not satisfactorily, you can retake the exam again.
You are no longer restricted to set hours and having to rebook another course when the exam results are not as good as you can achieve.
Focal (or partial) seizures are seizures that start in one part of the brain. These seizures may take many different forms depending on the part of the brain that is affected. They may involve a change of movement or behaviour; a person may remain aware of their surroundings during a seizure, or they may lose awareness.
Generalised seizures are more distributed and affect both sides of the brain at once. There are different types of generalised seizure, the most recognised of which is the ‘tonic–clonic seizure’ (where the person goes stiff and then has jerking movements). During a generalised seizure, the person may lose consciousness, fall or have muscle spasms.
Sometimes a focal seizure spreads from one side of the brain to the other – when this happens this is known as secondary generalisation.
Some people with epilepsy have only one type of seizure, and others have more than one type. The type of seizures a person has may change over time. In this information, the term ‘seizure’ could mean ‘seizures’ for people who have more than one type of seizure.
With increasing advances in technology, it is possible to give a cause of the epileptic seizures in a growing number of cases (for example, damage to the brain during a difficult birth, or a head injury). However, sometimes there is no known cause.
If it is suspected that you have had a seizure, you should be assessed by a healthcare professional. This is likely to be a doctor at the hospital emergency department or it could be your GP. If they think that you may have had an epileptic seizure, you should be offered an urgent appointment with a specialist. An urgent appointment should take place within 2 weeks.
For an adult, the specialist should be a doctor with training and expertise in diagnosing and treating epilepsy.
For a child or young person, the specialist should be a doctor who treats and cares for children (a paediatrician) and who has also had special training in diagnosing and treating epilepsy.
While you are waiting for your appointment with the specialist, you and your family or carer should be given information about how to recognise a seizure and what to do if you have another one. This should include advice about first aid. You should be advised to contact a healthcare professional if you do have another seizure before you have been seen by a specialist.